Current or potential pressures on the proposed Geopark
The main pressures in the wider area of the potential geopark may be grouped to those related to potential environmental pollution, to natural disasters risk, and to tourism development pressures.
In greatest part of the area, the condition of the environment is satisfactory. However, hydrotechnical infrastructure in the zones of the direct influence of the Djerdap power plant may have a negative influence, by occasional rising of the groundwater level and change of microclimate conditions. Water quality is also potentially influenced by flotation processes in Majdanpek copper quarry. Due to the significance of the Pan-European Corridor VII (the Danube River), it can be expected that the Danube water may have a decreased quality, which cannot be completely avoided and is mostly beyond the local control. Air quality may be threatened by occasional impacts of wind from the direction of Majdanpek quarry flotation and from the industrial zone of Turnu Severin in Romania. Among the natural disaster risks, the most serious are certainly floods, although they can be successfully managed through adjusting the levels of the water accumulation. Tourism pressure is not present yet, but it may be expected that, with further development, it will be necessary to take particular care in order to provide the balance between tourist management and preservation measures.
Current status in terms of protection of geological sites within the proposed Geopark
Aspirant Djerdap Geopark encompasses several spatial units which include protected and preserved geoheritage – geological, geomorphological and hydrological objects of international or national significance, with scientific, educational or touristic values. The areas are protected either within the Djerdap National Park, or as Natural monuments.
Area of the Djerdap gorge, at the right bank of the Danube River between the towns of Golubac and Kladovo, is an area of extraordinary significance (international and national) and is officially protected under the name Djerdap National Park, at the spatial extent of 638 km2. It was established in 1974 through the Law on the Djerdap National park. According to the existing categories of protection regime, the largest part of the Djerdap National Park (70.5%) lies within the category III, 21.5% within the category II and the least, 8%, is in the first category.